CMNH hosts occasional Visiting Researchers who wish to be based here in Brighton during a research visit over a specified period of time, and Affiliated Researchers who are those that seek a formal, ongoing relationship at a geographical distance. Find details of how to apply here.
Dr Chern Li Liew
University of Wellington
I am currently working on the examination of creative use, innovative cultural knowledge transmission and the impact of digital heritage resources on cultural identity and social cohesion. Digital heritage projects have promoted new forms of cultural transmission and cultural citizenship. There remains however, a significant gap in knowledge about communities’ usage of digital heritage collections, the impact of that usage on individuals and communities, as well as a lack of knowledge on how to assess and contextualise those impact. A previous research I was involved in found evidence that usage of digital te reo Māori collections led to the development of a sharing and relationship system (whanaungatanga) among some users and communities. This research aims to further examine the nature and characteristics of such social relations and to understand the impact of digital technologies on cultural transmission, cultural identity and contribution towards long-term social cohesion. The broader aim is to investigate the perception and expectations of the evolving roles of cultural institutions (archives, libraries, museums, public galleries) in the digital heritage space. I am also researching cultural institutions’ roles in community archiving and participatory heritage. In this research, I’m interested in examining not only what individuals and communities can bring to participatory heritage projects initiated by cultural institutions (archives, libraries, museums, public galleries). I’m also keen to explore and examine the ways in which cultural institutions can enable and support personal and community archiving, as well as in facilitating the movement of potentially significant contents from private and/or secluded collections to shared digital repositories (through providing expertise, advice and support in significance assessment, preservation, digitisation, organisation of information, accessibility and usability through digital platforms).
Erasmus University Rotterdam
I am a PhD candidate currently researching heritage and post-conflict representation in Belfast through the bourgeoning tourism industry. I examining how different tourism actors deal with representing the past and/or promoting the future. I specifically look at walking and taxi tours of west Belfast to understand how the narrative of the Troubles is being determined and negotiated by local tour guides. Such bottom-up practices are then contrasted with other tourism initiatives (such as Game of Thrones tours) and the reorientation of Belfast’s heritage away from the conflict and towards more commercial enterprises. This includes the integration of non-Troubles heritage such as the linen and shipbuilding industries with media and popular culture products like the Titanic and Game of Thrones. This project therefore challenges traditional notions of what heritage can be and uncovers various conflicting and divergent strategies to understand how the image of the “new Belfast” is constructed, manipulated, maintained and contested.
Dr Avril Tynan
I am a postdoctoral researcher in comparative literature at the Turku Institute for Advanced Studies, Finland where my research interests include critical theory, memory, ethics and twentieth- and twenty-first-century literature. My academic background draws on French literature and culture and Holocaust studies, and my PhD (Royal Holloway, 2016) analysed narrative absence in the works of Franco-Spanish author and Buchenwald survivor Jorge Semprun. Currently, my research focuses on the interpretation of absence and silence in post-war narrative to understand and demonstrate how cultural memory has been formed, transmitted and transformed since the end of World War II. In particular, I analyze the ways in which sociocultural constructions of paternity in post-war Francophone fiction have changed since 1945, situating these shifts alongside certain socio-economic, political and cultural events to demonstrate the interrelations between experientiality, narrative, storytelling, cultural memory and gender. My work at the University of Turku therefore relates to a number of the themes and strategies at the Centre for Memory, Narrative and Histories, including the ‘History and Cultural Memory of Twentieth-Century World Wars’ and the ‘Understanding Conflict: Forms and Legacies of Violence’ research areas. Proposing an oblique narrative approach to legacies of the past, my research interrogates the way we experience events through social and cultural constructions of identity, memory and history, and in particular, it complements the Centre’s interest in the plurality of ‘histories’ and the way in which that which is obscured from narrative may reveal a deeper understanding of the past as it is constructed in cultural memory and social identity. In August of this year I will participate in the ‘Hemeneutics of Violence Workshop’ in Turku on the interpretation of silence as a violent narrative strategy.
Dr Zacharoula Christopoulou
I am a cultural historian mainly interested in the ways collective memories are produced through recurring acts of remembrance and through a variety of sources. I completed my doctoral studies at UCL in 2015. In my thesis I examined the patterns of thought that emerged from the WWI veteran’s testimonies which revisited the Apocalyptic and the uncanny. I argued that these patterns of thought moulded the 20th century’s view of itself. The author-soldiers warn about a new and terrible phase of human affairs that might be announcing a radical crisis, or even worse, the end of history. I studied comparatively the narratives of soldiers from both sides of the conflict and included also the Balkan outlook on the war. So far, I have published on the fictionalisation of WWI in Britain, Greece and Germany and on the interrelation of official discourse and personal narrative in the creation of WWI memory culture. Currently, my research interests evolve around British decolonisation and the ‘End of Empire’, especially the counter insurgency campaign in Cyprus during the 1955-1959 emergency.
Dr Ryan Hepburn
Ryan Hepburn wrote his PhD in Historical and Cultural Musicology at Newcastle University under the supervision of David Clarke, Paul Attinello and Susan McClary. His thesis analysed a collection of recent works by American composers written in response to the Holocaust, AIDS crisis and 9/11, exploring the ways in which music can prompt a re-thinking of certain accepted perceptions and definitions of cultural postmodernism while acting as a form of witness narrative or trauma testimony. Since finishing the PhD, Ryan has taught on music and AIDS at Newcastle University and is now in the process of turning his thesis into a series of publications, including a monograph. This process coincides with Ryan's desire to contribute to the research on cultural memory at the University of Brighton, primarily through participating in symposia and conferences. In addition to researching music and trauma, Ryan is an active musician and a member of the full-time academic music staff at Brighton College.
Dr Tim Huzar
Tim Huzar works at the intersection of cultural studies and critical theory, and completed his PhD titled ‘Themes of Visibility in Rancière, Butler and Cavarero’ in 2017.
His research focuses on the relationship between politics and violence, with special interest in the legacies of the Atlantic slave trade and feminist philosophy. Tim engages the work of Adriana Cavarero, Saidiya Hartman, Fred Moten, Jacques Rancière and Judith Butler, among others.
Tim trained in the Humanities degree programme at University of Brighton, which placed a strong emphasis on politically engaged interdisciplinary study. Tim’s PhD brought together the thought of Jacques Rancière, Judith Butler and Adriana Cavarero, identifying visibility as a key theme in their respective accounts of politics.
He has organised many conferences, notably a 2015 conference on Elaine Scarry’s The Body in Pain (with Leila Dawney) and a 2017 conference on the work of Adriana Cavarero (with Clare Woodford and Mark Devenney). Tim is a Co-Editor of the journal Critical Studies, and has published his research in various international journals.
Dr Rodrigo Ordine
I am Associate Professor at the Institute of Humanities and Letters, at the Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira (University for the International Integration of Afro-Brazilian Lusophony [UNILAB]), Redencao, Brazil. My research interests concern memory in relation to slave narratives and Brazilian, Angolan and Nigerian imaginative literature.
Dr. Xosé Pereira Boán
I am currently working as an Assistant Professor at Rhodes College, prior to which I earned a PhD in Spanish at Tulane University in 2017. My dissertation examined the convergence of liminality and representations of memory in contemporary Peninsular visual culture,with a focus on film and graphic narratives. Currently I am working on a monograph Cultural Synapses: Memory in Graphic Narratives of Spain. This work concentrates on the emerging graphic novel and its generation of diverse cultural memories through a diachronic perspective that ranges from the 70’s to the present. I am seeking collaboration with colleagues interested in narratives of memory within visual culture, as well as with a focus on the context of production of those cultural memories and how they reflect.
My research interests are centred around the workings of ‘race’, memory, identity, and the places and spaces in which people search for meaning in the past. I have published work on commemoration, remembrance, and public spaces where African, Asian, and Caribbean peoples have been represented (or not) in sites of memory. I am currently completing a PhD thesis on representations of Africans and Caribbeans in the immediate aftermath of the First World War.
Dr Joanna Skelt
Geographical interests: Diverse communities in Birmingham, UK (including Pakistani heritage and Somali-land), other urban UK settings and Anglophone West Africa.
As a writer and social animator with a background in peace studies, development and educational publishing, my focus is on community engaged arts based research and how this informs debates on identity, belonging and community cohesion. I run a small research project exploring Narratives of Conflict in East Birmingham using creative methodology to elicit data. Previously I have undertaken ethnographic research with the Pakistani heritage community in Birmingham exploring representations of this community. As part of this study, I generated data through poetry workshops which provided a counter narrative to dominant media representations and useful insight into complex identity formulations. Prior to this, I worked on post conflict community writing in Sierra Leone which formed by PhD thesis (due for publication in Spring 2018). I was City of Birmingham Poet Laureate from 2013-14 and am fascinated by place related creative writing. Recently I undertook a commission writing a series of poems in relation to perceived identity and then took a DNA heritage test. The findings, poems and an introduction to related research was shared at a Museum workshop (This is Who I am: Creative Writing in Response to Heritage, Identity and Place) in March 2017. I teach Contemporary African Culture which explores language, literature and the arts, globalisation and diaspora communities and News Perspectives and I have set up a new module in Africa, Arts and Social Change.
Dr Cesar Correa Aris
I have devoted my Master, PhD and Posdoctoral studies of narrative and storytelling theories, social recognition, political thinking and social justice, to analyze the hegemonic of official stories and those coming from the experiences of teachers and scholars (researchers) at public Universities in Latin America, and how these processes are related and influenced by poverty and social inequalities. These studies allow me to develop my professional activities analyzing Educational Policies and scholars´ educational, professional and personal lives itineraries. I´m particularly interest in the construction of political thinking in scholars in public universities in Latin America and how these political thinking is transmitted to students and to the university development and the relationship between this political thinking and situation of poverty and social inequalities in deprive communities. I studied my PhD. in a sandwich program between the University of Guadalajara (2 years), in Mexico and Université de Toulouse, le Mirail II. In France (2 years), related to the narrative analysis in Paul Ricoeur, and I analyzed the narratives of scholars in Latin America about the Quality of their lives confronted with the global hegemonic discourse of the Quality of Education. I did my Posdoctoral position (2 years), in L´École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, in Paris and the Institut für Sozialforschung (Ifs) -Universidad de Frankfurt, studying social recognition in Fraser, Honneth, Habermas, Sen and Ricoeur, and memory processes in Ricoeur, Michel, Bergson, Pineau, etc. After develop my professional research activity in Colombia for 5 years, I have been developed my professional work for 15 years at the University of Guadalajara, teaching in PhD program of Political Sciences, in a Master program in Education and a Master Program in Literacy. My courses are related with narrative processes, memory, political thinking and research methodology. I´m participating in three international academic networks: a) A socio-historical analysis in education international network; b) a Latin American (Also Spain), Narrative processes and education network; c) And I´m a member of the Human Development Capacities Association.
Dr Gabriele Biotti
Gabriele Biotti is a film theorist and a multidisciplinary researcher. PhD degree in Film Aesthetics at Lille3 University (Doctoral School “Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société”), jointly with Siena University (Dipartimento di “Archeologia e Storia delle Arti”), his scholarly areas are Film Studies, Memory Studies, Historiography and the Anthropology of Representations. He has explored questions of film history writing, epistemology of history of film theories, memory practices and forms of memory telling and writing. He has published on subjects concerning film aesthetics, film styles and the relationships between film form and the practice of history writing and memory telling. After a PhD scholarly work on the anachronism in cinema and on the essay film practice, he actually develops a research project on the ritual processes of remembering through an analysis of the Uruguayan documentary cinema. He particularly works on the social memory of the Uruguayan military dictatorship (1973-1985) through the documentary film practice. He has a particular interest in research itineraries where different disciplines cross each other theoretical questions concerning particularly the image, film forms, writing processes and the work of memory.
Dr Charlotte Heath-Kelly
I currently hold a 'Future Research Leaders' fellowship from the ESRC to investigate the reconstruction of post-terrorist space in Europe and the US. The project asks: how is design used within post-terrorist reconstruction to resolve social trauma, and why does it so often fail? She compares the memorialisation of the 9-11 sites, the London bombings, the Madrid bombings and the Norwegian sites attacked by Anders Breivik - paying specific attention to the family-member and local resident protests that reconstruction efforts have often produced. Like the CMNH, I am interested in the shifting dynamics of memorialisation and the social functions it performs.
I will be a Visiting Research Fellow in the Centre from November 2016 to January 2017, following her successful application to the ESRC Future Research Leaders scheme. I am Assistant Professor in Politics and International Studies at the University of Warwick. My ESRC funded research explores how memorialisation has become a ‘front’ in the War on Terror. In a sense, I argue that memory practices are 'security practices'. In my forthcoming monograph, ‘Death and Security: Memory and Mortality at the Bombsite’, I make this argument by reconceptualising memory practices as social and anthropological responses to mortality. Using insights from philosophers of mortality including Schopenhauer, Heidegger and Bauman, the book explores memorialisation as the ritualised containment of death’s disruptive excess alongside the performance of social immortality.
The empirical dimensions of the book relate to the memorialisation of bombsites and massacres during the War on Terror. The security culture associated with the War on Terror and its consequences have been explored from many angles in the Social Sciences – however my research looks at the dramatic shift in memorial aesthetics and scale which follow terrorist attacks. Whereas Europe and the USA previously marked the sites of terrorist attack with small designs, usually plaques, bombsites are now made subject to grand processes of architectural overhaul replete with dramatic artistic centrepieces – such as ‘Reflecting Absence’, the black marble memorial on Manhattan’s memorial plaza, Madrid’s Atocha memorial tower, Norway’s Memory Wound opposite Utøya island, or London’s 7/7 Memorial in Hyde Park.
Why? In an era of heightened, hysterical fears about unexpected death, security policy has migrated from its traditional anticipatory temporality of prevention (‘stopping the next attack’) and now additionally appropriates memorialisation. Security policies now contain sections on disaster recovery – explicitly developing a retrospective strand of security which acts upon the past event as a ‘danger’ which needs to be contained through trauma therapy, commemoration services and architectural resolution through memorialisation. This ‘danger’ is, I conclude, the uncontained excess of death which disrupts claims to sovereign political authority. My research argues that to understand the incorporation of memorialisation within security policy, and the turn towards enormous post-terrorist memorial designs, we need to situate the War on Terror in a long sociology of death practices. We need to explore the biopolitical foundation of modern political sovereignty upon the flesh of the population (making live and letting die), and the medicalisation and concealment of death during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The terrorist attack spectacularly reverses the containment of mortality, provocatively disrupting the state’s performance of biopolitical control and authority. It is this irruption of mortality which situates the securitisation of the memorial.
I am an independent researcher interested in understanding the formation of collective memories and their cultural as well as political and social representations. I graduated from the “Sapienza” University of Rome with both a bachelor and a master degree in contemporary history. For my master's thesis (2013) I researched on the memory of the militant antifascism by means of the publication, "Lotta Continua", in addition to thirteen oral history interviews I personally conducted with the former militants of extreme left wing. The comparison between written and oral sources enabled me in gaining a clearer understanding of the essential characteristics of militant antifascism. I continued my research by publishing some articles, while also engaging more deeply into the question of memory and oral sources by participating to workshops focused on oral history and the history of the 1970s. Currently, I am a member of a group which is aiming to collect oral history’s testimonies of 1968 in Italy. This research is part of a national project promoted by Institute of the Resistance and the Modern Age. As a Visiting Research Fellow at CMNH, I am planning on expanding my focus on memory and political violence through an international point of view.
Dr Fia Sundevall
I am a social and economic historian at Stockholm University in Sweden where I was awarded a PhD in Economic History in 2011. Much of my research has dealt with gender and/or sexualities in the Swedish military. I have recently finished a project on masculinity, citizenship and conscription in 20th century Sweden and Scandinavia, and am currently working on a two-year project on policy, experience and narratives of heteronormativity in the Swedish Armed forces since 1900. Within both projects I engage in oral history, narrative analysis and memory studies. I have also collaborated on two interdisciplinary research projects where the collection and analysis of memories have been central: 1) the Swedish Army museum‘s project “Conscription: Identity and material memories in Sweden 1940-2010” which aims to develop new methods for using museum objects to document memories and to produce new knowledge about the Swedish history of compulsory conscription; and 2) a FOI/Swedish Defence Research Agency pilot project to devise methods of learning about the physical and mental conditions of Swedish soldiers who have served on peace missions abroad since the 1960’s. My previous work includes a monograph on alternations in the gendered division of military labour in Sweden since the 1800s, edited books in gender history and international relations, and articles and book-chapters on topics such as militarization of suffrage, feminization of peace, and urban legends in military service. During my stay at the Centre I will continue on this path, exploring narrated memories of former Swedish conscript on matters such as pornographic consumption, sexual encounters, and heterosexism.
I was a Visiting Researcher in the Centre January – April 2105. My interest in the Centre lies in its interdisciplinary scope and its engagement in the relationships between past and present, as well as its research on war/conflict/peace, gender, memory, and construction of national identity. The main purpose of my visit was to further develop methodological and theoretical aspects of my research on sexuality and gender in military work and education in Sweden since the late 1800’s and to establish contacts with British social scientists for possible future collaborations. I also contributed to the Centre by presenting a research seminar exploring the benefits and disadvantages of web surveys as a mode of documentation and data collection in research in history and memories.
Tina van der Vlies
I will be a Visiting Research Fellow in the Centre from November 2016 to January 2017, following my successful application to the ESRC Future Research Leaders scheme. I am a lecturer and PhD Candidate at the Erasmus University Rotterdam and currently in the final stage of my PhD project about national narratives in English and Dutch history textbooks. My research is funded by The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research and is related to memory, narrative and history. The study of historical analogies can provide insight in widespread ‘patterns’ for narrating, remembering and interpreting the past.
My research scrutinizes ways in which the past is remembered and narrated about in history textbooks for students between the ages of 11-14, published in the period 1920-2000. I examine history textbooks as layered narratives in which memories of different periods and events overlap, interfuse and interact (Silverman 2013; Rothberg 2009; Wertsch 2008, Shaw 2002; Vansina 1974). This enables me to study the dynamics, interaction and cross-referencing between and within history textbooks and to get beyond an analysis of inclusion and exclusion. I explore how and why textbook narratives about different topics, events or periods ‘resonate’ each other. Northrop Frye used the word ‘resonance’ ‒ a reverberating sound ‒ for echoing memories or images and stressed the potential of their metaphorical use, moving away from the specific original in a particular context, bridging temporal distance and receiving universal significance (Frye 1981). In this way, some historical events can function as important anchors in the narration of the past and in collective memory. For example, the narration of the English defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588) interacts with the narration of the Second World War in English history textbooks. In Dutch history textbooks, the narration of the Second World War interacts with another sixteenth century event: the Dutch Revolt.
The study of resonance patterns in history textbooks can contribute to a deeper understanding of how history is narrated and what kind of historical consciousness these narrations reflect. Cross‐references between histories in textbooks could reveal widespread frames of references or common models for comprehending or constructing knowledge about the past. My research pays special attention to forms of resonance in the constitution of national narratives in history textbooks as a greater understanding of the ‘mechanisms’ of these narratives and the ‘circumstances of their perpetual construction and reconstruction’ can be a step forward in ‘defusing their explosive potential’ (Berger 2007; 66)
Sacha van Leeuwen
I am a postgraduate researcher from the University of Utrecht following the MA Cultural History, Memory and Identity at Brighton, for which I am focussing on the relationship between national identities and political narratives. I am interested in the politics of memory and the way in which people try to come to terms with a violent past. How are identities reimagined after conflicts? I have studied a variety of case studies, ranging from Turkey’s increasing interest in public commemoration of the Ottoman Empire to Russia’s problematic relationship with its Stalinist past. Moreover, I am an editorial assistant for the International Journal for History, Culture and Modernity (HCM). As a Visiting Research Fellow, I will bring to publication the next issue of the Centre's Working Papers in Memory, Narrative and Histories, which will be entitled: the Brighton 'Grand Hotel' Bombing: History, Memory and Political Theatre.
Dr Carlos Villar Flor
Carlos Villar Flor is visiting CMNH from the University of La Rioja in Spain. His academic production revolves around twentieth-century British novelists. He is the author of the critical editions and translations of Evelyn Waugh's novels Men at arms (2003), Scott-King’s Modern Europe (2009) Officers and gentlemen (2010), Unconditional surrender (2011), and has also translated and prefaced George Orwell's Down and Out in Paris and London (2010) and Waugh’s Put Out more flags (2012). Among his academic books are the monograph Character and Characterization in Evelyn Waugh's novels (1997), his study In the Picture: The Facts behind the Fiction in Evelyn Waugh's "Sword of Honor" (2014), and the volume of essays co-edited with Robert M. Davis Waugh Without End (2005). He is also the author of an essay on the literary impact of the Jacobean journey in Britain: English Travellers and Pilgrims on the Road to Santiago in La Rioja (2006). He is the author of four novels, two short-story books and three poetry books. His latest research is a (yet unpublished) book on Graham Greene's travels around Spain in the 1970s and 1980s, and the memoirs inspired on them.